A Single Scalable LSTM Model for Short-Term Forecasting of Disaggregated Electricity Loads

by   Andrés M. Alonso, et al.

As a powerful tool to improve their efficiency and sustainability, most electricity systems worldwide are deploying advanced metering infrastructures to collect relevant operational data. In particular, smart meters play a key role in this transformation as they allow tracking electricity load consumption at a very disaggregated level and at high frequency rates. This data opens the possibility of developing new forecasting models with a potential positive impact in both electricity distribution and retailing activities. In this work, we present a general methodology that is able to process and forecast a large number of smart meter time series. Instead of using traditional and univariate approaches for each time series, we develop a single but complex recurrent neural network model with long short-term memory that is able to capture individual consumption patterns and also the cross-sectional relations among different households. The resulting model can accurately predict future loads (short-term) of individual consumers, even if these were not included in the original training set (out-of-sample consumers). This entails a great potential for large scale applications (Big Data) as once the single network is trained, accurate individual forecast for new consumers can be obtained at almost no computational cost. The performance of the proposed model is tested under a large set of numerical experiments by using a real world dataset with thousands of disaggregated electricity consumption time series. Furthermore, we exploit the considered dataset to explore how geo-demographic segmentation of consumers can improve the forecasting accuracy of the proposed model.


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