CAMP-Net: Context-Aware Multi-Prior Network for Accelerated MRI Reconstruction

by   Liping Zhang, et al.

Despite promising advances in deep learning-based MRI reconstruction methods, restoring high-frequency image details and textures remains a challenging problem for accelerated MRI. To tackle this challenge, we propose a novel context-aware multi-prior network (CAMP-Net) for MRI reconstruction. CAMP-Net leverages the complementary nature of multiple prior knowledge and explores data redundancy between adjacent slices in the hybrid domain to improve image quality. It incorporates three interleaved modules respectively for image enhancement, k-space restoration, and calibration consistency to jointly learn context-aware multiple priors in an end-to-end fashion. The image enhancement module learns a coil-combined image prior to suppress noise-like artifacts, while the k-space restoration module explores multi-coil k-space correlations to recover high-frequency details. The calibration consistency module embeds the known physical properties of MRI acquisition to ensure consistency of k-space correlations extracted from measurements and the artifact-free image intermediate. The resulting low- and high-frequency reconstructions are hierarchically aggregated in a frequency fusion module and iteratively refined to progressively reconstruct the final image. We evaluated the generalizability and robustness of our method on three large public datasets with various accelerations and sampling patterns. Comprehensive experiments demonstrate that CAMP-Net outperforms state-of-the-art methods in terms of reconstruction quality and quantitative T_2 mapping.


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