Can Single-Pass Contrastive Learning Work for Both Homophilic and Heterophilic Graph?
Existing graph contrastive learning (GCL) typically requires two forward pass for a single instance to construct the contrastive loss. Despite its remarkable success, it is unclear whether such a dual-pass design is (theoretically) necessary. Besides, the empirical results are hitherto limited to the homophilic graph benchmarks. Then a natural question arises: Can we design a method that works for both homophilic and heterophilic graphs with a performance guarantee? To answer this, we analyze the concentration property of features obtained by neighborhood aggregation on both homophilic and heterophilic graphs, introduce the single-pass graph contrastive learning loss based on the property, and provide performance guarantees of the minimizer of the loss on downstream tasks. As a direct consequence of our analysis, we implement the Single-Pass Graph Contrastive Learning method (SP-GCL). Empirically, on 14 benchmark datasets with varying degrees of heterophily, the features learned by the SP-GCL can match or outperform existing strong baselines with significantly less computational overhead, which verifies the usefulness of our findings in real-world cases.READ FULL TEXT