Data-Efficient Sequence-Based Visual Place Recognition with Highly Compressed JPEG Images

by   Mihnea-Alexandru Tomită, et al.

Visual Place Recognition (VPR) is a fundamental task that allows a robotic platform to successfully localise itself in the environment. For decentralised VPR applications where the visual data has to be transmitted between several agents, the communication channel may restrict the localisation process when limited bandwidth is available. JPEG is an image compression standard that can employ high compression ratios to facilitate lower data transmission for VPR applications. However, when applying high levels of JPEG compression, both the image clarity and size are drastically reduced. In this paper, we incorporate sequence-based filtering in a number of well-established, learnt and non-learnt VPR techniques to overcome the performance loss resulted from introducing high levels of JPEG compression. The sequence length that enables 100 matching performance is reported and an analysis of the amount of data required for each VPR technique to perform the transfer on the entire spectrum of JPEG compression is provided. Moreover, the time required by each VPR technique to perform place matching is investigated, on both uniformly and non-uniformly JPEG compressed data. The results show that it is beneficial to use a highly compressed JPEG dataset with an increased sequence length, as similar levels of VPR performance are reported at a significantly reduced bandwidth. The results presented in this paper also emphasize that there is a trade-off between the amount of data transferred and the total time required to perform VPR. Our experiments also suggest that is often favourable to compress the query images to the same quality of the map, as more efficient place matching can be performed. The experiments are conducted on several VPR datasets, under mild to extreme JPEG compression.


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