Five Ps: Leverage Zones Towards Responsible AI

by   Ehsan Nabavi, et al.

There is a growing debate amongst academics and practitioners on whether interventions made, thus far, towards Responsible AI would have been enough to engage with root causes of AI problems. Failure to effect meaningful changes in this system could see these initiatives to not reach their potential and lead to the concept becoming another buzzword for companies to use in their marketing campaigns. We propose that there is an opportunity to improve the extent to which interventions are understood to be effective in their contribution to the change required for Responsible AI. Using the notions of leverage zones adapted from the 'Systems Thinking' literature, we suggest a novel approach to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions, to focus on those that may bring about the real change that is needed. In this paper we argue that insights from using this perspective demonstrate that the majority of current initiatives taken by various actors in the field, focus on low-order interventions, such as short-term fixes, tweaking algorithms and updating parameters, absent from higher-order interventions, such as redefining the system's foundational structures that govern those parameters, or challenging the underlying purpose upon which those structures are built and developed in the first place(high-leverage). This paper presents a conceptual framework called the Five Ps to identify interventions towards Responsible AI and provides a scaffold for transdisciplinary question asking to improve outcomes towards Responsible AI.


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