Forecasting, capturing and activation of carbon-dioxide (CO_2): Integration of Time Series Analysis, Machine Learning, and Material Design

by   Suchetana Sadhukhan, et al.

This study provides a comprehensive time series analysis of daily industry-specific, country-wise CO_2 emissions from January 2019 to February 2023. The research focuses on the Power, Industry, Ground Transport, Domestic Aviation, and International Aviation sectors in European countries (EU27 UK, Italy, Germany, Spain) and India, utilizing near-real-time activity data from the Carbon Monitor research initiative. To identify regular emission patterns, the data from the year 2020 is excluded due to the disruptive effects caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The study then performs a principal component analysis (PCA) to determine the key contributors to CO_2 emissions. The analysis reveals that the Power, Industry, and Ground Transport sectors account for a significant portion of the variance in the dataset. A 7-day moving averaged dataset is employed for further analysis to facilitate robust predictions. This dataset captures both short-term and long-term trends and enhances the quality of the data for prediction purposes. The study utilizes Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) models on the 7-day moving averaged dataset to effectively predict emissions and provide insights for policy decisions, mitigation strategies, and climate change efforts. During the training phase, the stability and convergence of the LSTM models are ensured, which guarantees their reliability in the testing phase. The evaluation of the loss function indicates this reliability. The model achieves high efficiency, as demonstrated by R^2 values ranging from 0.8242 to 0.995 for various countries and sectors. Furthermore, there is a proposal for utilizing scandium and boron/aluminium-based thin films as exceptionally efficient materials for capturing CO_2 (with a binding energy range from -3.0 to -3.5 eV). These materials are shown to surpass the affinity of graphene and boron nitride sheets in this regard.


page 26

page 29

page 30


Short-term daily precipitation forecasting with seasonally-integrated autoencoder

Short-term precipitation forecasting is essential for planning of human ...

A comparative study of statistical and machine learning models on near-real-time daily emissions prediction

The rapid ascent in carbon dioxide emissions is a major cause of global ...

G-NM: A Group of Numerical Time Series Prediction Models

In this study, we focus on the development and implementation of a compr...

Fast-Slow Streamflow Model Using Mass-Conserving LSTM

Streamflow forecasting is key to effectively managing water resources an...

Neural network based country wise risk prediction of COVID-19

The recent worldwide outbreak of the novel corona-virus (COVID-19) opene...

Please sign up or login with your details

Forgot password? Click here to reset