Foundational Models for Fault Diagnosis of Electrical Motors

by   Sriram Anbalagan, et al.

A majority of recent advancements related to the fault diagnosis of electrical motors are based on the assumption that training and testing data are drawn from the same distribution. However, the data distribution can vary across different operating conditions during real-world operating scenarios of electrical motors. Consequently, this assumption limits the practical implementation of existing studies for fault diagnosis, as they rely on fully labelled training data spanning all operating conditions and assume a consistent distribution. This is because obtaining a large number of labelled samples for several machines across different fault cases and operating scenarios may be unfeasible. In order to overcome the aforementioned limitations, this work proposes a framework to develop a foundational model for fault diagnosis of electrical motors. It involves building a neural network-based backbone to learn high-level features using self-supervised learning, and then fine-tuning the backbone to achieve specific objectives. The primary advantage of such an approach is that the backbone can be fine-tuned to achieve a wide variety of target tasks using very less amount of training data as compared to traditional supervised learning methodologies. The empirical evaluation demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed approach by obtaining more than 90% classification accuracy by fine-tuning the backbone not only across different types of fault scenarios or operating conditions, but also across different machines. This illustrates the promising potential of the proposed approach for cross-machine fault diagnosis tasks in real-world applications.


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