Generating Knowledge Graphs by Employing Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning Techniques within the Scholarly Domain

by   Danilo Dessì, et al.

The continuous growth of scientific literature brings innovations and, at the same time, raises new challenges. One of them is related to the fact that its analysis has become difficult due to the high volume of published papers for which manual effort for annotations and management is required. Novel technological infrastructures are needed to help researchers, research policy makers, and companies to time-efficiently browse, analyse, and forecast scientific research. Knowledge graphs i.e., large networks of entities and relationships, have proved to be effective solution in this space. Scientific knowledge graphs focus on the scholarly domain and typically contain metadata describing research publications such as authors, venues, organizations, research topics, and citations. However, the current generation of knowledge graphs lacks of an explicit representation of the knowledge presented in the research papers. As such, in this paper, we present a new architecture that takes advantage of Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning methods for extracting entities and relationships from research publications and integrates them in a large-scale knowledge graph. Within this research work, we i) tackle the challenge of knowledge extraction by employing several state-of-the-art Natural Language Processing and Text Mining tools, ii) describe an approach for integrating entities and relationships generated by these tools, iii) show the advantage of such an hybrid system over alternative approaches, and vi) as a chosen use case, we generated a scientific knowledge graph including 109,105 triples, extracted from 26,827 abstracts of papers within the Semantic Web domain. As our approach is general and can be applied to any domain, we expect that it can facilitate the management, analysis, dissemination, and processing of scientific knowledge.


page 1

page 2

page 3

page 4


SciKGTeX – A LaTeX Package to Semantically Annotate Contributions in Scientific Publications

Scientific knowledge graphs have been proposed as a solution to structur...

Knowledge Graphs and Natural-Language Processing

Emergency-relevant data comes in many varieties. It can be high volume a...

Enabling knowledge discovery in natural hazard engineering datasets on DesignSafe

Data-driven discoveries require identifying relevant data relationships ...

A Re-evaluation of Knowledge Graph Completion Methods

Knowledge Graph Completion (KGC) aims at automatically predicting missin...

Stochastic Learning of Nonstationary Kernels for Natural Language Modeling

Natural language processing often involves computations with semantic or...

Mapping Research Trajectories

Steadily growing amounts of information, such as annually published scie...

Information Extraction from Scientific Literature for Method Recommendation

As a research community grows, more and more papers are published each y...

Please sign up or login with your details

Forgot password? Click here to reset