Non-intrusive PODI-ROM for patient-specific aortic blood flow in presence of a LVAD device

by   Michele Girfoglio, et al.

Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are used to provide haemodynamic support to patients with critical cardiac failure. Severe complications can occur because of the modifications of the blood flow in the aortic region. In this work, the effect of a continuous flow LVAD device on the aortic flow is investigated by means of a non-intrusive reduced order model (ROM) built using the proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation (PODI) method. The full order model (FOM) is represented by the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations discretized by using a Finite Volume (FV) technique, coupled with three-element Windkessel models to enforce outlet boundary conditions in a multi-scale approach. A patient-specific framework is proposed: a personalized geometry reconstructed from Computed Tomography (CT) images is used and the individualization of the coefficients of the three-element Windkessel models is based on experimental data provided by the Right Heart Catheterization (RCH) and Echocardiography (ECHO) tests. Pre-surgery configuration is also considered at FOM level in order to further validate the model. A parametric study with respect to the LVAD flow rate is considered. The accuracy of the reduced order model is assessed against results obtained with the full order model.


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