Turning Silver into Gold: Domain Adaptation with Noisy Labels for Wearable Cardio-Respiratory Fitness Prediction

by   Yu Wu, et al.

Deep learning models have shown great promise in various healthcare applications. However, most models are developed and validated on small-scale datasets, as collecting high-quality (gold-standard) labels for health applications is often costly and time-consuming. As a result, these models may suffer from overfitting and not generalize well to unseen data. At the same time, an extensive amount of data with imprecise labels (silver-standard) is starting to be generally available, as collected from inexpensive wearables like accelerometers and electrocardiography sensors. These currently underutilized datasets and labels can be leveraged to produce more accurate clinical models. In this work, we propose UDAMA, a novel model with two key components: Unsupervised Domain Adaptation and Multi-discriminator Adversarial training, which leverage noisy data from source domain (the silver-standard dataset) to improve gold-standard modeling. We validate our framework on the challenging task of predicting lab-measured maximal oxygen consumption (VO_2max), the benchmark metric of cardio-respiratory fitness, using free-living wearable sensor data from two cohort studies as inputs. Our experiments show that the proposed framework achieves the best performance of corr = 0.665 ± 0.04, paving the way for accurate fitness estimation at scale.


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