# A Massively Parallel Dynamic Programming for Approximate Rectangle Escape Problem

Sublinear time complexity is required by the massively parallel computation (MPC) model. Breaking dynamic programs into a set of sparse dynamic programs that can be divided, solved, and merged in sublinear time. The rectangle escape problem (REP) is defined as follows: For n axis-aligned rectangles inside an axis-aligned bounding box B, extend each rectangle in only one of the four directions: up, down, left, or right until it reaches B and the density k is minimized, where k is the maximum number of extensions of rectangles to the boundary that pass through a point inside bounding box B. REP is NP-hard for k>1. If the rectangles are points of a grid (or unit squares of a grid), the problem is called the square escape problem (SEP) and it is still NP-hard. We give a 2-approximation algorithm for SEP with k≥2 with time complexity O(n^3/2k^2). This improves the time complexity of existing algorithms which are at least quadratic. Also, the approximation ratio of our algorithm for k≥ 3 is 3/2 which is tight. We also give a 8-approximation algorithm for REP with time complexity O(nlog n+nk) and give a MPC version of this algorithm for k=O(1) which is the first parallel algorithm for this problem.

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