Correlation-Driven Multi-Level Multimodal Learning for Anomaly Detection on Multiple Energy Sources

by   Taehee Kim, et al.

Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) has been widely used as an intelligent energy consumption measurement system. Electric power was the representative energy source that can be collected by AMI; most existing studies to detect abnormal energy consumption have focused on a single energy source, i.e., power. Recently, other energy sources such as water, gas, and heating have also been actively collected. As a result, it is necessary to develop a unified methodology for anomaly detection across multiple energy sources; however, research efforts have rarely been made to tackle this issue. The inherent difficulty with this issue stems from the fact that anomalies are not usually annotated. Moreover, existing works of anomaly definition depend on only individual energy sources. In this paper, we first propose a method for defining anomalies considering not only individual energy sources but also correlations between them. Then, we propose a new Correlation-driven Multi-Level Multimodal Learning model for anomaly detection on multiple energy sources. The distinguishing property of the model incorporates multiple energy sources in multi-levels based on the strengths of the correlations between them. Furthermore, we generalize the proposed model in order to integrate arbitrary new energy sources with further performance improvement, considering not only correlated but also non-correlated sources. Through extensive experiments on real-world datasets consisting of three to five energy sources, we demonstrate that the proposed model clearly outperforms the existing multimodal learning and recent time-series anomaly detection models, and we observe that our model makes further the performance improvement as more correlated or non-correlated energy sources are integrated.


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