Deep Learning for UV Absorption Spectra with SchNarc: First Steps Towards Transferability in Chemical Compound Space

by   Julia Westermayr, et al.

Machine learning (ML) has shown to advance the research field of quantum chemistry in almost any possible direction and has recently also entered the excited states to investigate the multifaceted photochemistry of molecules. In this paper, we pursue two goals: i) We show how ML can be used to model permanent dipole moments for excited states and transition dipole moments by adapting the charge model of [Chem. Sci., 2017, 8, 6924-6935], which was originally proposed for the permanent dipole moment vector of the electronic ground state. ii) We investigate the transferability of our excited-state ML models in chemical space, i.e., whether an ML model can predict properties of molecules that it has never been trained on and whether it can learn the different excited states of two molecules simultaneously. To this aim, we employ and extend our previously reported SchNarc approach for excited-state ML. We calculate UV absorption spectra from excited-state energies and transition dipole moments as well as electrostatic potentials from latent charges inferred by the ML model of the permanent dipole moment vectors. We train our ML models on CH_2NH_2^+ and C_2H_4, while predictions are carried out for these molecules and additionally for CHNH_2, CH_2NH, and C_2H_5^+. The results indicate that transferability is possible for the excited states.


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