Efficient Rate-Splitting Multiple Access for the Internet of Vehicles: Federated Edge Learning and Latency Minimization

by   Shengyu Zhang, et al.
University of Southampton
Southern University of Science & Technology
The University of Sydney
The University of Hong Kong

Rate-Splitting Multiple Access (RSMA) has recently found favour in the multi-antenna-aided wireless downlink, as a benefit of relaxing the accuracy of Channel State Information at the Transmitter (CSIT), while in achieving high spectral efficiency and providing security guarantees. These benefits are particularly important in high-velocity vehicular platoons since their high Doppler affects the estimation accuracy of the CSIT. To tackle this challenge, we propose an RSMA-based Internet of Vehicles (IoV) solution that jointly considers platoon control and FEderated Edge Learning (FEEL) in the downlink. Specifically, the proposed framework is designed for transmitting the unicast control messages within the IoV platoon, as well as for privacy-preserving FEEL-aided downlink Non-Orthogonal Unicasting and Multicasting (NOUM). Given this sophisticated framework, a multi-objective optimization problem is formulated to minimize both the latency of the FEEL downlink and the deviation of the vehicles within the platoon. To efficiently solve this problem, a Block Coordinate Descent (BCD) framework is developed for decoupling the main multi-objective problem into two sub-problems. Then, for solving these non-convex sub-problems, a Successive Convex Approximation (SCA) and Model Predictive Control (MPC) method is developed for solving the FEEL-based downlink problem and platoon control problem, respectively. Our simulation results show that the proposed RSMA-based IoV system outperforms the conventional systems.


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