Enhancing Mechanical Metamodels with a Generative Model-Based Augmented Training Dataset

by   Hiba Kobeissi, et al.

Modeling biological soft tissue is complex in part due to material heterogeneity. Microstructural patterns, which play a major role in defining the mechanical behavior of these tissues, are both challenging to characterize, and difficult to simulate. Recently, machine learning-based methods to predict the mechanical behavior of heterogeneous materials have made it possible to more thoroughly explore the massive input parameter space associated with heterogeneous blocks of material. Specifically, we can train machine learning (ML) models to closely approximate computationally expensive heterogeneous material simulations where the ML model is trained on a dataset of simulations that capture the range of spatial heterogeneity present in the material of interest. However, when it comes to applying these techniques to biological tissue more broadly, there is a major limitation: the relevant microstructural patterns are both challenging to obtain and difficult to analyze. Consequently, the number of useful examples available to characterize the input domain under study is limited. In this work, we investigate the efficacy of ML-based generative models as a tool for augmenting limited input pattern datasets. We find that a Style-based Generative Adversarial Network with an adaptive discriminator augmentation mechanism is able to successfully leverage just 1,000 example patterns to create meaningful generated patterns that can be used as inputs to finite element simulations to augment the training dataset. To enable this methodological contribution, we have created an open access dataset of Finite Element Analysis simulations based on Cahn-Hilliard patterns. We anticipate that future researchers will be able to leverage this dataset and build on the work presented here.


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