Global Outliers Detection in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Novel Approach Integrating Time-Series Analysis, Entropy, and Random Forest-based Classification

by   Mahmood Safaei, et al.

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have recently attracted greater attention worldwide due to their practicality in monitoring, communicating, and reporting specific physical phenomena. The data collected by WSNs is often inaccurate as a result of unavoidable environmental factors, which may include noise, signal weakness, or intrusion attacks depending on the specific situation. Sending high-noise data has negative effects not just on data accuracy and network reliability, but also regarding the decision-making processes in the base station. Anomaly detection, or outlier detection, is the process of detecting noisy data amidst the contexts thus described. The literature contains relatively few noise detection techniques in the context of WSNs, particularly for outlier-detection algorithms applying time series analysis, which considers the effective neighbors to ensure a global-collaborative detection. Hence, the research presented in this paper is intended to design and implement a global outlier-detection approach, which allows us to find and select appropriate neighbors to ensure an adaptive collaborative detection based on time-series analysis and entropy techniques. The proposed approach applies a random forest algorithm for identifying the best results. To measure the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed approach, a comprehensive and real scenario provided by the Intel Berkeley Research lab has been simulated. Noisy data have been injected into the collected data randomly. The results obtained from the experiment then conducted experimentation demonstrate that our approach can detect anomalies with up to 99


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