HDMapNet: An Online HD Map Construction and Evaluation Framework

by   Qi Li, et al.
Tsinghua University
Stanford University

High-definition map (HD map) construction is a crucial problem for autonomous driving. This problem typically involves collecting high-quality point clouds, fusing multiple point clouds of the same scene, annotating map elements, and updating maps constantly. This pipeline, however, requires a vast amount of human efforts and resources which limits its scalability. Additionally, traditional HD maps are coupled with centimeter-level accurate localization which is unreliable in many scenarios. In this paper, we argue that online map learning, which dynamically constructs the HD maps based on local sensor observations, is a more scalable way to provide semantic and geometry priors to self-driving vehicles than traditional pre-annotated HD maps. Meanwhile, we introduce an online map learning method, titled HDMapNet. It encodes image features from surrounding cameras and/or point clouds from LiDAR, and predicts vectorized map elements in the bird's-eye view. We benchmark HDMapNet on the nuScenes dataset and show that in all settings, it performs better than baseline methods. Of note, our fusion-based HDMapNet outperforms existing methods by more than 50 develop customized metrics to evaluate map learning performance, including both semantic-level and instance-level ones. By introducing this method and metrics, we invite the community to study this novel map learning problem. We will release our code and evaluation kit to facilitate future development.


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