Managing Industrial Communication Delays with Software-Defined Networking

by   Rutvij H. Jhaveri, et al.

Recent technological advances have fostered the development of complex industrial cyber-physical systems which demand real-time communication with delay guarantees. The consequences of delay requirement violation in such systems may become increasingly severe. In this paper, we propose a contract-based fault-resilient methodology which aims at managing the communication delays of real-time flows in industries. With this objective, we present a light-weight mechanism to estimate end-to-end delay in the network in which the clocks of the switches are not synchronized. The mechanism aims at providing high level of accuracy with lower communication overhead. We then propose a contract-based framework using software-defined networking where the components are associated with delay contracts and a resilience manager. The proposed resilience management framework contains: (1) contracts which state guarantees about components behaviors, (2) observers which are responsible to detect contract failure (fault), (3) monitors to detect events such as run-time changes in the delay requirements and link failure, (4) control logic to take suitable decisions based on the type of the fault, (5) resilience manager to decide response strategies containing the best course of action as per the control logic decision. Finally, we present a delay-aware path finding algorithm which is used to route/reroute the real-time flows to provide resiliency in the case of faults and, to adapt to the changes in the network state. Performance of the proposed framework is evaluated with the Ryu SDN controller and Mininet network emulator.


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