MAROAM: Map-based Radar SLAM through Two-step Feature Selection

by   Dequan Wang, et al.

In this letter, we propose MAROAM, a millimeter wave radar-based SLAM framework, which employs a two-step feature selection process to build the global consistent map. Specifically, we first extract feature points from raw data based on their local geometric properties to filter out those points that violate the principle of millimeter-wave radar imaging. Then, we further employ another round of probabilistic feature selection by examining how often and how recent the feature point has been detected in the proceeding frames. With such a two-step feature selection, we establish a global consistent map for accurate and robust pose estimation as well as other downstream tasks. At last, we perform loop closure and graph optimization in the back-end, further reducing the accumulated drift error. We evaluate the performance of MAROAM on the three datasets: the Oxford Radar RobotCar Dataset, the MulRan Dataset and the Boreas Dataset. We consider a variety of experimental settings with different scenery, weather, and road conditions. The experimental results show that the accuracy of MAROAM is 7.95 37.0 three datasets, respectively. The ablation results also show that our map-based odometry performs 28.6 Finally, as devoted contributors to the open-source community, we will open source the algorithm after the paper is accepted.


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