Multi-scale Cross-restoration Framework for Electrocardiogram Anomaly Detection

by   Aofan Jiang, et al.

Electrocardiogram (ECG) is a widely used diagnostic tool for detecting heart conditions. Rare cardiac diseases may be underdiagnosed using traditional ECG analysis, considering that no training dataset can exhaust all possible cardiac disorders. This paper proposes using anomaly detection to identify any unhealthy status, with normal ECGs solely for training. However, detecting anomalies in ECG can be challenging due to significant inter-individual differences and anomalies present in both global rhythm and local morphology. To address this challenge, this paper introduces a novel multi-scale cross-restoration framework for ECG anomaly detection and localization that considers both local and global ECG characteristics. The proposed framework employs a two-branch autoencoder to facilitate multi-scale feature learning through a masking and restoration process, with one branch focusing on global features from the entire ECG and the other on local features from heartbeat-level details, mimicking the diagnostic process of cardiologists. Anomalies are identified by their high restoration errors. To evaluate the performance on a large number of individuals, this paper introduces a new challenging benchmark with signal point-level ground truths annotated by experienced cardiologists. The proposed method demonstrates state-of-the-art performance on this benchmark and two other well-known ECG datasets. The benchmark dataset and source code are available at: <>


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