Object Detection based on the Collection of Geometric Evidence

by   Hui Wei, et al.

Artificial objects usually have very stable shape features, which are stable, persistent properties in geometry. They can provide evidence for object recognition. Shape features are more stable and more distinguishing than appearance features, color features, grayscale features, or gradient features. The difficulty with object recognition based on shape features is that objects may differ in color, lighting, size, position, pose, and background interference, and it is not currently possible to predict all possible conditions. The variety of objects and conditions renders object recognition based on geometric features very challenging. This paper provides a method based on shape templates, which involves the selection, collection, and combination discrimination of geometric evidence of the edge segments of images, to find out the target object accurately from background, and it is able to identify the semantic attributes of each line segment of the target object. In essence, the method involves solving a global optimal combinatorial optimization problem. Although the complexity of the global optimal combinatorial optimization problem seems to be very high, there is no need to define the complex feature vector and no need for any expensive training process. It has very good generalization ability and environmental adaptability, and more solid basis for cognitive psychology than other methods. The process of collecting geometric evidence, which is simple and universal, shows considerable prospects for practical use. The experimental results prove that the method has great advantages in response to changes in the environment, invariant recognition, pinpointing the geometry of objects, search efficiency, and efficient calculation. This attempt contributes to understanding of some types of universal processing during the process of object recognition.


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