PIPPI2021: An Approach to Automated Diagnosis and Texture Analysis of the Fetal Liver Placenta in Fetal Growth Restriction

by   Aya Mutaz Zeidan, et al.

Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a prevalent pregnancy condition characterised by failure of the fetus to reach its genetically predetermined growth potential. We explore the application of model fitting techniques, linear regression machine learning models, deep learning regression, and Haralick textured features from multi-contrast MRI for multi-fetal organ analysis of FGR. We employed T2 relaxometry and diffusion-weighted MRI datasets (using a combined T2-diffusion scan) for 12 normally grown and 12 FGR gestational age (GA) matched pregnancies. We applied the Intravoxel Incoherent Motion Model and novel multi-compartment models for MRI fetal analysis, which exhibit potential to provide a multi-organ FGR assessment, overcoming the limitations of empirical indicators - such as abnormal artery Doppler findings - to evaluate placental dysfunction. The placenta and fetal liver presented key differentiators between FGR and normal controls (decreased perfusion, abnormal fetal blood motion and reduced fetal blood oxygenation. This may be associated with the preferential shunting of the fetal blood towards the fetal brain. These features were further explored to determine their role in assessing FGR severity, by employing simple machine learning models to predict FGR diagnosis (100% accuracy in test data, n=5), GA at delivery, time from MRI scan to delivery, and baby weight. Moreover, we explored the use of deep learning to regress the latter three variables. Image texture analysis of the fetal organs demonstrated prominent textural variations in the placental perfusion fractions maps between the groups (p<0.0009), and spatial differences in the incoherent fetal capillary blood motion in the liver (p<0.009). This research serves as a proof-of-concept, investigating the effect of FGR on fetal organs.


Detecting Schizophrenia with 3D Structural Brain MRI Using Deep Learning

Schizophrenia is a chronic neuropsychiatric disorder that causes distinc...

Computational Modeling of Deep Multiresolution-Fractal Texture and Its Application to Abnormal Brain Tissue Segmentation

Computational modeling of Multiresolution- Fractional Brownian motion (f...

Deep-ASPECTS: A Segmentation-Assisted Model for Stroke Severity Measurement

A stroke occurs when an artery in the brain ruptures and bleeds or when ...

Deep Learning with Attention to Predict Gestational Age of the Fetal Brain

Fetal brain imaging is a cornerstone of prenatal screening and early dia...

Initial condition assessment for reaction-diffusion glioma growth models: A translational MRI/histology (in)validation study

Diffuse gliomas are highly infiltrative tumors whose early diagnosis and...

A deep learning model for segmentation of geographic atrophy to study its long-term natural history

Purpose: To develop and validate a deep learning model for automatic seg...

Please sign up or login with your details

Forgot password? Click here to reset