Scaling Law Analysis for Covariance Based Activity Detection in Cooperative Multi-Cell Massive MIMO

by   Ziyue Wang, et al.

This paper studies the covariance based activity detection problem in a multi-cell massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system, where the active devices transmit their signature sequences to multiple base stations (BSs), and the BSs cooperatively detect the active devices based on the received signals. The scaling law of covariance based activity detection in the single-cell scenario has been thoroughly analyzed in the literature. This paper aims to analyze the scaling law of covariance based activity detection in the multi-cell massive MIMO system. In particular, this paper shows a quadratic scaling law in the multi-cell system under the assumption that the exponent in the classical path-loss model is greater than 2, which demonstrates that in the multi-cell MIMO system the maximum number of active devices that can be correctly detected in each cell increases quadratically as the length of the signature sequence and decreases logarithmically as the number of cells (as the number of antennas tends to infinity). Moreover, this paper also characterizes the distribution of the estimation error in the multi-cell scenario.


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