Team Triple-Check at Factify 2: Parameter-Efficient Large Foundation Models with Feature Representations for Multi-Modal Fact Verification

by   Wei-Wei Du, et al.

Multi-modal fact verification has become an important but challenging issue on social media due to the mismatch between the text and images in the misinformation of news content, which has been addressed by considering cross-modalities to identify the veracity of the news in recent years. In this paper, we propose the Pre-CoFactv2 framework with new parameter-efficient foundation models for modeling fine-grained text and input embeddings with lightening parameters, multi-modal multi-type fusion for not only capturing relations for the same and different modalities but also for different types (i.e., claim and document), and feature representations for explicitly providing metadata for each sample. In addition, we introduce a unified ensemble method to boost model performance by adjusting the importance of each trained model with not only the weights but also the powers. Extensive experiments show that Pre-CoFactv2 outperforms Pre-CoFact by a large margin and achieved new state-of-the-art results at the Factify challenge at AAAI 2023. We further illustrate model variations to verify the relative contributions of different components. Our team won the first prize (F1-score: 81.82 made our code publicly available at


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