Transportation Emergency Planning Considering Uncertainty in Event Duration and Drivers' Behavior

by   Fardad Haghpanah, et al.

Traffic Emergency Management deals with directing the vehicular and pedestrian traffic around traffic disruptions due to emergencies, such as accidents or flooded roadways, aiming to ensure the safety of drivers, pedestrians, and emergency responders. In this study, a scenario involving the local flooding of the A1 motorway, one of Italy's main highways connecting north to the south, is studied. The effect of event duration and drivers' response rate are investigated on the alternative route activation strategies. The macro and micro itineraries are established, and for different event durations and response rates, the timelines for effective route activation are evaluated. According to the results, for events shorter than 1.5 hours, there is no need for the activation of alternative routes, and the longer the event, the more alternative routes are needed to minimize the total travel time on the flooded route. In addition, increase in the response rate of drivers to use the alternative routes leads to the need to activate the micro itinerary after the activation of the macro itinerary. Furthermore, the evacuation of an urban region due to the flood scenario is studied considering different evacuation strategies and residents response time. The results indicate the importance of optimal exit point allocation and residents' preparedness to reduce the total evacuation time.


A Decentralized Reinforcement Learning Framework for Efficient Passage of Emergency Vehicles

Emergency vehicles (EMVs) play a critical role in a city's response to t...

The Effect of Modern Traffic Information on Braess' Paradox

Braess' paradox has been shown to appear rather generically in many syst...

Effects of Network Structure on the Performance of a Modeled Traffic Network under Drivers' Bounded Rationality

We propose a minority route choice game to investigate the effect of the...

Towards a distributed and infrastructure-less vehicular traffic management system

In the past few years, several systems have been proposed to deal with i...

An Analysis of Pedestrians' Behavior in Emergency Evacuation Using Cellular Automata Simulation

To minimize property loss and death count in terror attacks and other em...

Routing Emergency Vehicles in Arterial Road Networks using Real-time Mixed Criticality Systems*

Reducing the response time of Emergency Vehicles (EVs) has an undoubted ...

Improving Route Choice Models by Incorporating Contextual Factors via Knowledge Distillation

Route Choice Models predict the route choices of travelers traversing an...

Please sign up or login with your details

Forgot password? Click here to reset