Two Dimensional Router: Design and Implementation

by   Shu Yang, et al.

Higher dimensional classification has attracted more attentions with increasing demands for more flexible services in the Internet. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of a two dimensional router (TwoD router), that makes forwarding decisions based on both destination and source addresses. This TwoD router is also a key element in our current effort towards two dimensional IP routing. With one more dimension, the forwarding table will grow explosively given a straightforward implementation. As a result, it is impossible to fit the forwarding table to the current TCAM, which is the de facto standard despite its limited capacity. To solve the explosion problem, we propose a forwarding table structure with a novel separation of TCAM and SRAM. As such, we move the redundancies in expensive TCAM to cheaper SRAM, while the lookup speed is comparable with conventional routers. We also design the incremental update algorithms that minimize the number of accesses to memory. We evaluate our design with a real implementation on a commercial router, Bit-Engine 12004, with real data sets. Our design does not need new devices, which is favorable for adoption. The results also show that the performance of our TwoD router is promising.


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